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Causes of Tinnitus

One of the most important things to understand when discussing what causes tinnitus, is that tinnitus is a symptom and not a illness or disorder itself. When viewed in this manner we can then evaluate and try to find the underlying causes of the tinnitus. Below is a list of disorders/diseases that typically report tinnitus as a symptom:

Hearing Loss

Age Related Hearing Loss - This is the most common cause for tinnitus. Hearing loss happens for most around the age of 50 to 60 years old. That hearing loss then becomes the underlying cause for the tinnitus.

Noise Exposure - Over exposure to loud noises over time or even a single extremely loud event can damage the inner ear and cause hearing loss. That loss then leads to tinnitus.

Obstructions - This is typically a best case scenario. Occasionally a blockage in the ear can cause tinnitus like symptoms. Some examples of a blockage would include: ear wax build up, hair, congestion, or even a foreign object.

Head and Neck Trauma - Injuries to the head and neck often lead to tinnitus. Any damage to nerves, blood flow, or muscles can potentially lead to tinnitus.

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder - TMJ is a joint disorder at the point of the skull directly in front of the ears. Due to the proximity to the ears it can cause tinnitus.

Sinus Pressure - Pressure in sinus cavities can also cause tinnitus. This could originate from flying, diving, or sinus infection for example.